Hybrid Fall Rye Hybrid fall rye is sold by the unit, 1 unit is 1 million viable seeds. Farmers target 0.8 of a unit per ac. If the crop is for forage use, organics, or you are seeding late in the fall the use rate could increase. The amount of lbs per unit will change depending on the seed lot due to germination and seed size. Most seed lots are between 70-90 lbs per unit (56-80 lbs per ac use rate) We can fill tote bags and usually have some in the warehouse ready to sell in 28 unit bag sizes (35 ac) Even flowering timing is critical to reduce ergot risk so even seeding depth, slow seeding speeds and any residue management ahead of time is important.
Hybrid fall rye:
Has short strong straw for rye, suitable for irrigation or dry land
Excellent grain quality with plump seeds and excellent falling numbers for rye milling
Hybrid yield potential 20-40% more than traditional rye varieties, preforms well under stress
Amazing potential on dry land and irrigation
Rye has double the root system of winter wheat so can scavenge for water and nutrients
Strong winter survivability
Silage yield potential very high with good quality and early harvest
Some farms double crop by cutting the rye before heading and allowing it to regrow. Others are silaging rye in early July and plant oats following the rye silage.
Studdies & information relating to hybrid fall rye:
How does a seed grower like us produce hybrid rye for certified seed? Our parent seed of the 2 single lines comes from Europe. We need to order our parent seed about 4 months in advance and forecast our needs over a year in advance so the parent seed can be produced in Europe. We plant a technical mixture that is 92% pollen receiving and 8% pollen giving. The seed production fields can look ragged as we are growing 2 varieties together. Our ergot risk is high as we need the wind to pollinate head to head for us. We seed a buffer strip of restorer (pollen giving) on the outside edges of the field and a strip down the middle to add extra pollen to the crop. This strip is later mowed out. Prior to any seed crop we must follow crop rotation rules as with any seed crops and as always our volunteer management is key. Our field is CFIA inspected for off types of any other crop or weeds and for presence of flowering of the pollen giving plants in the crop. We also must not have any different rye varieties or volunteer rye within 500 M of the crop. After harvest we must submit samples to the CFIA before we are issued a crop certificate. While this is happening we are cleaning/ processing the seed for certified sale and sending for germination, vigor, disease and seed size testing. We also send rough bare and clean treated samples away for secondary verification for quality control. We aim to have carry over seed to meet early season seed demand so that means bin space and cash flow management as well as re-testing of germination and vigor to ensure seed quality.
Herbicide crop safety level for hybrid fall rye chart
How to use hybrid fall rye for silage for a forge crop:
How do we produce hybrid fall rye certified seed:
The pictures below were taken mid April 2019 in a rye crop seeded mid September the year prior. The plant was still small on top but the roots had reached 3 feet or more deep already!